Holi, the festival of color, as it is mostly being referred to, is celebrated with fun, gaiety, and pomp throughout the country. Marking the passing of winters and the advent of summers, Holi is celebrated in spring, which is a gap between both the seasons. Holi dates back to the legend of demon King Hiranyakashyap and his son Prahlad and sister Holika. But apart from this legend, there are few scientific reasons too, which are attached to the festival.
Holi is celebrated between the gap of two major seasons, i.e., winters and summers. During this period, the bacteria in the atmosphere and the body find an appropriate temperature to breed and rise in numbers. During the Holika Dahan (the burning of Holika or bonfire), the temperature of the surrounding area gets raised to holi festival around 50-60 degrees thus killing the bacteria present in the atmosphere. In fact, the fire of Holika kills the bacteria in people who take rounds of the fire.
In some parts of the country, some people apply the ash of Holika Dahan on their forehead as it is believed to promote good health. Since the season brings laziness in the body, people sing songs and dance to the beats of drums in Holi to get rid of tardiness. This helps in rejuvenating the body and the mind.
Colors are an important part of healthy body and mind. Deficiency of a particular color in the body leads to certain ailments. Holi played a vital role in making up for this deficiency as the Holi colors used in ancient times were herbal and natural.
Holi colors at that time were made out of natural ingredients like turmeric, Neem, Palash (Tesu), fruits, vegetables, and so on. The splashing of herbal and natural colors on each other during the Holi festival produced a soothing and healing effect on the body. The herbal colors are loaded with the power of strengthening the ions in the body thus making you healthy and beautiful.
But nowadays, the Holi festival is unfortunately limited to only fun with no benefits for health. Holi is now mostly celebrated with synthetic or artificial colors, which contains dangerous chemicals like lead oxide, diesel, chromium iodine and copper sulphate. Artificial Holi colors cause rashes on the skin and irritation in the eyes along with many serious diseases like cancer.